Bacterial Infection Information
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Causes of Bacterial Infections

Bacterial infections are a common cause of disease in human populations, mostly only affecting one individual, but at times becoming quite contagious and quickly infecting vast numbers of people such as the bubonic plague of the middle ages which at it’s height was responsible for the deaths of a third of Europe’s population.

Bacteria are microscopic single celled organisms that don’t reproduce, instead dividing to replicate, making their control difficult since a small population can quickly reach huge numbers of bacterium, in fact pathogenic bacterial infections can reach epidemic proportions in a matter of days or weeks.

The actual causes of bacterial infections obviously depend on the specific bacterium at work, but identification can only be carried out in a laboratory from blood samples or swabs of the affected area, and only then is it possible to prescribe the correct dosage of antibacterial medication. In most cases, diagnosis can be completed within a short period of time, leading to full recovery.

Escherichia Coli

Generally speaking, bacterial infections are localized to specific areas of the body, such as sinus, throat, groin, lungs, but all produce pain and swelling, and are often accompanied with pus. It is essential that personal hygiene standards are maintained, and that all work surfaces, bed linen etc are properly cleaned.

Not cleaning kitchen surfaces and utensils correctly is a leading cause of bacterial infections, specifically E. coli. primarily because being microscopic, the bacteria are not seen by human eyes, and a cursory wipe of preparation surfaces won’t remove or kill the bacteria present.

Similarly, utensils such as knives, forks, serving bowls, and even food storage containers are major causes of bacterial infections and need to be thoroughly cleaned and sterilized between use to prevent the spread pathogenic disease.

Poorly run restaurants with lax training of staff, and which don’t adhere to health and safety standards, particularly with regard to bathroom hygiene are leading causes of food poisoning, a bacterial infection that can be fatal in extreme cases, and which almost always requires unproductive recuperation time.

Listeria and Salmonella, two of the most common food poisoning illnesses are caused by incorrect food handling. Salmonella results from bacteria infected eggs, whilst Listeria is often found in unwashed vegetables, unpasteurized dairy, and badly handled meat. Poor refrigeration and storage are to blame for these causes of bacterial infections, with the obvious solution being better rigorous adoption of accepted food handling standards.

Sexually transmitted diseases are also causes of bacterial infections, in particular Syphilis, gonorrhea, clamydia, and trichomonaisis. It seems trite to suggest abstinence is the best method of avoiding a bacteria based STD infection, yet this is precisely the advice of medical practitioners, at least until both parties to a sexual relationship have satisfied themselves that unprotected intercourse is safe.

People with a weak immune system, perhaps caused by diabetes, cancer, or AIDS are all at heightened risk of contracting disease, and bacterial infections are leading causes of death amongst this risk group, rather than the original illness itself.

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